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About Image Size And Resolution
About image size and resolution
In order to produce high-quality images, it is important to understand how the pixel data of images is measured and displayed.
The number of pixels along the height and width of a bitmap image. The display size of an image on-screen is determined by the pixel dimensions
of the image plus the size and setting of the monitor.
For example, a 15-inch monitor typically displays 800 pixels horizontally and 600 vertically. An image with dimensions of 800 pixels by 600 pixels
would fill this small screen. On a larger monitor with an 800-by-600-pixel setting, the same image (with 800-by-600-pixel dimensions) would still fill the screen,
but each pixel would appear larger. Changing the setting of this larger monitor to 1024-by-768 pixels would display the image at a smaller size, occupying only
part of the screen.
When preparing an image for online display (for example, a Web page that will be viewed on a variety of monitors), pixel dimensions become especially
important. Because your image may be viewed on a 15-inch monitor, you may want to limit the size of your image to 800-by-600 pixels to allow room for the Web
browser window controls.
The number of pixels displayed per unit of printed length in an image, usually measured in pixels per inch (ppi). In Photoshop, you can change
the resolution of an image; in Image Ready, the resolution of an image is always 72 ppi. This is because the Image Ready application is tailored to creating
images for online media, not print media.
In Photoshop, image resolution and pixel dimensions are interdependent. The amount of detail in an image depends on its pixel dimensions, while
the image resolution controls how much space the pixels are printed over. For example, you can modify an image's resolution without changing the actual pixel
data in the image--all you change is the printed size of the image. However, if you want to maintain the same output dimensions, changing the image's resolution
requires a change in the total number of pixels
When printed, an image with a high resolution contains more, and therefore smaller, pixels than an image with a low resolution. For example, a
1-by-1-inch image with a resolution of 72 ppi contains a total of 5184 pixels (72 pixels wide x 72 pixels high = 5184). The same 1-by-1-inch image with a resolution
of 300 ppi contains a total of 90,000 pixels. Higher-resolution images usually reproduce more detail and subtler color transitions than lower-resolution images.
However, increasing the resolution of a low-resolution image only spreads the original pixel information across a greater number of pixels; it rarely improves
Using too low a resolution for a printed image results in pixelation--output with large, coarse-looking pixels. Using too high a resolution (pixels
smaller than the output device can produce) increases the file size and slows the printing of the image; furthermore, the device will be unable to reproduce
the extra detail provided by the higher resolution image.
The number of pixels or dots displayed per unit of length on the monitor, usually measured in dots per inch (dpi). Monitor resolution depends
on the size of the monitor plus its pixel setting. Most new monitors have a resolution of about 96 dpi, while older Mac OS monitors have a resolution of 72 dpi.
Understanding monitor resolution helps explain why the display size of an image on-screen often differs from its printed size. Image pixels are
translated directly into monitor pixels. This means that when the image resolution is higher than the monitor resolution, the image appears larger on-screen
than its specified print dimensions. For example, when you display a 1-by-1 inch, 144-ppi image on a 72-dpi monitor, it appears in a 2-by-2 inch area on-screen.
Because the monitor can display only 72 pixels per inch, it needs 2 inches to display the 144 pixels that make up one edge of the image.
SOURCE: PHOTOSHOP HELP
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